PARIS — The European Space Agency’s ruling council on July 27 agreed to extend Director-General Jan Woerner’s mandate by two years, to July 2021, ending an unprecedented melodrama during which powerful European government space officials sought to have him removed.

Meeting at ESA’s headquarters here, the agency’s restricted council — only heads of delegations allowed in — gave Woerner half of what’s normally accorded to an ESA chief, which is a full second four-year term.

Whether this was because of ongoing doubts among one or . . .

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