LOGAN, Utah — NASA said India’s March 27 destruction of a low-orbiting Indian satellite by a ground-based missile resulted in the spread of debris that will remain in orbit far longer than what India assured would be the case.

Adding the NASA imprimatur to numerous private-sector orbital analyses in the past two months, NASA said the missile strike, which India called Mission Shakti, propelled debris as high as more than 1,000 kilometers in orbit, with three pieces at more than 1,500 kilometers.